电信公司的销售员Amar Nat Shukla一家五口住在德里南郊的一幢大楼里。他告诉路透社，700卢比（约合10美元）可以买一辆约2000升的水，以维持一周的家庭生活。一年前，这两辆车仅花费500卢比，水价飙升了40％，迫使他减少了一半的用水量。
The sanitation of drinking water produced by some small factories is not up to standard, causing people in low-income groups to become sick due to unclean drinking water. Dilip Kumar Kamat, a 46-year-old resident, said: "Doctors have asked me to buy only bottled water, and the water of large, well-known companies."
On July 1, in New Delhi, India, people took water from a water tanker. Xinhua News Agency/Reuters
In the capital region, the government and the military have a daily water supply of 375 liters per person, while in other regions there are only 40 liters per capita. The water supply is managed by the water department under the municipal government and is supplied by wells and water trucks.
The municipal government's water department has a total of 1,033 waterwheels, which is far from meeting the water needs of urban residents, and hundreds of private water trucks are illegally operating this summer. However, the government does not understand the specific figures of private water tankers. Some residents said that some private operators have joined forces with local gangs and politicians to control some wells. Those gangs have mastered private water trucks and operate illegally.
Government reports indicate that most private waterwheel operators in the Delhi area are either suspected of illegally collecting depleted groundwater or suspected of stealing government reserves. Nearly half of the water supply in the Delhi Water Department was either stolen through the leeway or was wasted due to pipeline leaks.
Water shortages are more severe in the northwestern part of Delhi. Due to the proximity of a landfill, the local villages and towns, the surface and groundwater resources are polluted, the toxicity is high, and it is not drinkable. The residents can only queue up for the government water tank to supply water once a day.
A local police officer told Reuters that "the fight triggered by water withdrawals has risen since May, and these water disputes now account for half of the daily reported cases." Three people lost their lives last year because of such disputes.
The British “Water Aid Organization” survey found that about 163 million people in India, or 12% of the total population, cannot get clean water near their homes.